Automotive bulb sockets come in many different shapes and sizes, though they all have one thing in common – they’re designed to hold an automotive bulb in place while it’s being used to light up your vehicle.
This can be done by using an incandescent lightbulb, which emits heat and light through a filament when electricity flows through it, or by using an LED, which creates light without emitting heat and doesn’t require a filament to burn the electricity, making it more efficient and long-lasting than an incandescent lightbulb.
When replacing automotive bulb sockets, it’s important to choose the right kind of socket that works with your car. Otherwise, you could burn out bulbs and potentially damage your car in the process!
Fortunately, there are several different types of sockets to meet the needs of various cars and drivers, so you should be able to find something that works with your vehicle no matter what year or make it was made in. Read on to learn more about the different types of automotive bulb sockets and how they work best!
12v Mini Wedge (Also called mini wedge or wedge light)
These tiny bulbs, shaped like a wedge and measuring 1.5 inches long and 3/4 inch wide, fit into tight spots that larger bulbs can’t get to. Common applications include map lights, dome lights, glove box lights, and trunk or cargo area lighting.
Mini wedges can be clear or amber-colored to match your car’s stock interior lighting. They have either four or six pins: Four-pin mini wedges plug directly into 12V circuits such as those found in dome lamps; six-pin mini wedges go in auxiliary power ports (you’ll need an adaptor). The disadvantage is that 12V mini wedges may not always be bright enough for use as headlights.
12v Twist Lock (Also called twist and lock)
The twist-lock socket is one of the most common automotive light sockets. The Twist Lock Socket is designed with a lever that flips to make connection and disconnection easy, which is why it’s also called a twist and lock socket.
Although they’re used commonly in vehicles, they’re also found in many household applications as well. You may have seen them at your local hardware store hanging on a pegboard wall — 12-volt twist lock bulbs can be used for all sorts of things: Christmas lights (both incandescent and LED), work lights, flashlights, kid’s toys, etc.
Hella Connector (Also called SBF connector, Harness connector, Hella plug, Lock, and Play)
A Hella connector is also known as a lock and playstyle because it’s easy to the plugin. These automotive bulb sockets can be used for most European cars or domestic vehicles with original equipment supplier (OES) lighting and wiring harnesses.
This socket is fairly new and isn’t yet standard on all vehicles. However, you may find them at a parts store or from an aftermarket supplier if you’re looking to replace a failed headlight socket.
Read also: What Causes Flickering Car Lights and How Can I Fix It?
D2S Connectors (Also called D2S bulbs, D2R bulbs, D2C bulbs)
Automotive D2S bulbs allow for bi-xenon headlamps, which means a car has two light sources: one light source comes from a halogen lamp and another light source comes from an HID lamp. Each bulb has its own connector that looks like a squared D with pins on each side.
The pins on one side of a D2S connector go into your low beam headlight, while two wires go to a resistive ballast that activates your high beams, according to Replace (Dec 2015).
Since these connectors don’t take up as much space as other automotive bulb sockets, you can place more components in your headlights; however, it can make removing them tricky.
W5W Connectors (Wattage matching is critical with these!)
W5W connectors were initially designed for use with 12-volt incandescent light bulbs. Although they have been replaced in many applications by W2.1 connectors, W5W connectors can still be found in older vehicles and RV power systems.
There is no universal color-coding standard for these; they are commonly red, but you may also find them to be blue or white. Generally speaking, red indicates a more powerful/higher wattage connection and blue indicates a less powerful/lower wattage connection.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is the light bulb holder called in a car?
The light bulb holder, or lamp socket as it is more commonly called, is typically located within easy reach of where your steering wheel meets your dashboard.
The socket’s main function is to hold a light bulb in place so that it can provide you with bright light when you need it and to allow you to turn it on and off as you see fit.
Some sockets are standardized and able to accept almost any brand and model of the light bulb. Others have what’s known as an unpinned base; these types require a specific base for use with their bulbs.
What are bulb sockets called?
The term socket refers to a hollow chamber, like a hole in a wall that’s big enough for something to fit inside. When you’re looking at auto lamps and bulbs, there’s an additional component called an accessory.
That accessory is called a socket or lamp holder, depending on what kind of socket it is. To make matters more confusing, sometimes those terms refer specifically to housing—like when we talk about 6-3 or 6-4 lamp holders—and sometimes they refer to the piece that holds your new bulbs. To figure out which type you need for your project (or whether you even need one), read on.
Can you light a bulb without a socket?
Some light bulbs, such as incandescent light bulbs, can be used without a socket. However, it’s best to use a socket with a light bulb so that it is easier to switch out in case you need to replace it.
You can also buy specialty replacement parts if necessary. Although you may be able to find some specialty replacement parts online at websites like Amazon, we suggest getting an expert opinion on any bulbs that aren’t working properly and possible replacements.
An auto technician should be able to walk you through the process of finding suitable replacement parts for your vehicle.
Are all lamp sockets the same size?
Yes and no. While there is a basic size that most automobile bulbs have to fit into, not all lamps have a socket that fits them.
Some lamps, such as headlights and fog lights, use special bulb holders to help guide a certain type of bulb into place. Also, some lamps require an adaptor to make it fit properly inside.
Both of these situations mean that you’ll need something more than just your average socket set to get your car looking shiny again.
What is the standard light bulb socket size?
You might have noticed that light bulbs seem to come in just about every shape and size. Some bulbs have thick bases, some slender ones. And then there’s a whole spectrum of shapes in between.
So why is that? Why do we need all these various sizes of light bulb sockets? And what do they mean when you see them listed on your new car’s parts list or under your home’s kitchen sink? Let’s find out!
What is the standard size bulb socket?
The standard size socket is a BA15S and is used for many types of interior bulbs and some exterior bulbs. This type of socket comes in both single-contact and dual-contact styles.
The BA15S is one of two common sizes used to support a wide range of bulbs, with applications ranging from low-wattage tail lights to high-power headlights.
Installing a bulb requires removing access panels or trim panels from around your vehicle’s cabin, but if you want extra light, it’s worth any effort that goes into making it happen.
A simple trip to an auto parts store can turn into an upgrade that makes your car feel fresh again.
Your vehicle’s lighting system is one of its most critical components. Without proper lighting, your safety and that of your passengers and others on the road are at risk.
Always follow instructions in your owner’s manual to install bulbs safely and make sure they do not overheat or over-strain.
If you have any questions about how to maintain or repair your vehicle’s lighting system, contact a service center near you.